Mankind has always been concerned about security and safety, whether it is the security of the individual, family, clan, tribe, region, nation, or the globe. So security has always remained the prime concerned of any state. After the cold World War, international interdependence has forced the states to readjust their foreign policies in a multilateral context. Cooperation now has become more necessary and institutionalised. Multilateral regimes also tend to strengthen regional cooperation to play a more meaningful and proactive role in global processes. So the SCO and CSTO are two very important multilateral organisations which can act as guarantor for Central Asian States security.
After the collapse of the Soviet System the five Central Asian republics Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan and Turkmenistan have faced a disastrous scenario of security. During the last 27 years, they have been facing various security problems such as border security, ethnic problems, environmental problems, drugs trafficking, terrorism, extremism and radicalism. Commonly agreed set of norms and principles of multilateralism direct the behaviour of states to achieve a greater common good for all states and thus institutionalize multilateralism is for better international cooperation and that is good for central Asian states and their security, and this is the only solution.
In the present scenario, Central Asian states need a more robust mechanism to deal with new challenges to their traditional and non-traditional security issues. So this multilateral approach is the best in this context. To maintain the status quo in Central Asia has emerged as the main goals of SCO and CSTO. The deteriorating economic situation, rampant corruption and mass dissatisfaction, all are a source of serious social and political unrest. SCO and CSTO can act as guarantors for these projects like TAPI and energy sharing which will help in the infrastructure and human development in the region through multilateral cooperation.